Greater Sage-grouse Core Areas SW Montana
Shapefile - GreaterSageGrouseCoreAreas_IDSWMT_Subregion_01122012
FGDC, ESRI Metadata
Show Definitions
Description | Graphic | Spatial | Data Structure | Data Quality | Data Source | Data Distribution | Metadata
Information used to reference the data.
Title: Greater Sage-grouse Core Areas SW Montana
Originators: Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks
Publisher: U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Idaho State Office
Publication place: Boise, Idaho USA
Publication date: 20100401
Edition: 1.1
Data type: vector digital data
A characterization of the data, including its intended use and limitations.
Sage-grouse core areas are habitats associated with 1) Montana's highest densities of sage-grouse (25% quartile), based on male counts and/or 2) sage-grouse lek complexes and associated habitat important to sage-grouse distribution.
The data are intended for display of sage grouse core areas in Montana. The data are intended for initial resource review and conservation planning. For evaluating or reviewing site specific applications Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks (FWP) recommends contacting the appropriate FWP Regional office.
Supplemental information:
These are the Montana  SageGrouse Core Areas 2010 polygons for Idaho-SW Montana Greater Sage Grouse Subregion.  Areas that overlap into Idaho do not apply to Idaho and may represent difference in boundaries.
Dataset credit:
This data would not be available in spatial format without the cooperation of the wildlife biologists of Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks and Bureau of Land Management.
Language of dataset: en
Point Of Contact
Contact information for the individual or organization that is knowledgeable about the data.
Organization: Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks
Person: Lydia Bailey
Position: GIS Manager
Phone: 406-444-5365
Hours of service: 8 a.m. - 5 p.m Mon-Fri
Address type: mailing address
1420 E. 6th Avenue
City: Helena
State or Province: MT
Postal code: 59601
County: USA
Data Type
How the data are represented, formatted and maintained by the data producing organization.
File or table name: GreaterSageGrouseCoreAreas_IDSWMT_Subregion_01122012
Data type: vector digital data
Data format: Shapefile
Native dataset environment: Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog
Time Period of Data
Time period(s) for which the data corresponds to the currentness reference.
Date: 20100401
Currentness reference:
publication date
The state of and maintenance information for the data.
Data status: Complete
Update frequency: As needed
Key Words
Words or phrases that summarize certain aspects of the data.
Keywords: biota, Sage-grouse, Planning
Keyword thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Categories
Keywords: Greater Sage-Grouse, Upland Game Birds, Wildlife, Grouse
Keyword thesaurus: None
Keywords: Montana
Data Access Constraints
Restrictions and legal prerequisites for accessing or using the data after access is granted.
Access constraints:
Use constraints:
Users must assume responsibility to determine the usability of this data for their purposes.  This data set is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind. Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks (FWP) makes no representations or warranties whatsoever with respect to the accuracy or completeness of this data set and assumes no responsibility for the suitability of this data set for a particular purpose.  FWP will not be liable for any damages incurred as a result of errors in this data set.
Data Security Information
Handling restrictions imposed on the data because of national security, privacy or other concerns.
Security classification: Unclassified
Graphic Example
Browse Graphic
Graphic illustration of the data.
Browse graphic 1
Open - Map of sage-grouse core areas in Montana.
Graphic Image
Spatial Reference Information
Horizontal Coordinate System
Reference system from which linear or angular quantities are measured and assigned to the position that a point occupies.
Projected coordinate system:
Name: NAD 1983 StatePlane Montana FIPS 2500
Map units: meters
Geographic coordinate system:
Name: GCS North American 1983
Coordinate System Details
Grid coordinate system
Grid coordinate system name: State Plane Coordinate System
State Plane Coordinate System:
SPCS xone identifier: 2500
Lambert Conformal Conic:
Standard parallel: 45.000000
Standard parallel: 49.000000
Longitude of central meridian: -109.500000
Latitude of projection origin: 44.250000
False easting: 600000.000000
False northing: 0.000000
Planar Coordinate Information
Planar coordinate encoding method: coordinate pair
Coordinate representation:
Abscissa resolution: 0.000363
Ordinate resolution: 0.000363
Planar distance units: meters
Geodetic model
Horizontal datum name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator of flattening ratio: 298.257222
Vertical Coordinate System
Reference system from which vertical distances (altitudes or depths) are measured.
Altitude system definition:
Altitude resolution: 0.000010
Altitude encoding method: Explicit elevation coordinate included with horizontal coordinates
Spatial Domain
The geographic areal domain of the data that describes the western, eastern, northern, and southern geographic limits of data coverage.
Bounding Coordinates
In Projected or local coordinates
NAD 1983 StatePlane Montana FIPS 2500
Boundary Coordinate
Left 287616.965019 (meters)
Right 431435.991814 (meters)
Top 124795.880685 (meters)
Bottom 26331.474238 (meters)
In Unprojected coordinates (geographic)
GCS North American 1983
Boundary Coordinate
West -113.812121 (longitude)
East -103.683503 (longitude)
North 48.999499 (latitude)
South 44.439652 (latitude)
Data Structure and Attribute Information
Summary of the information content of the data, including other references to complete descriptions of entity types, attributes, and attribute values for the data.
Direct spatial reference method: Vector
Attributes of SageGrouseCoreAreas
Detailed descriptions of entity type, attributes, and attribute values for the data.
Name: GreaterSageGrouseCoreAreas_IDSWMT_Subregion_01122012
Type of object: Feature Class
Geometry type: Polygon
Number of records: 3
Internal feature number.
Alias: FID Type: OID Width: 4 Precision: 0 Scale: 0
Attribute values: Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute definition source:
Feature geometry.
Alias: Shape Type: Geometry Width: 0 Precision: 0 Scale: 0
Attribute values: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute definition source:
Area of feature in internal units squared.
Alias: Shape_Area Type: Float Width: 19 Number of decimals: 11
Attribute values: Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute definition source:
Alias: Shape_Leng Type: Float Width: 19 Number of decimals: 11
Area in acres.
Alias: ACRES Type: Number Width: 9
ESRI Feature Description
Description of spatial objects in the data using the Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) terminology.
Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) terms
ESRI feature type: Simple
Geometry type: Polygon
Topology: FALSE
Feature count: 3
Spatial index: FALSE
Linear referencing: FALSE
SDTS Feature Description
Description of point and vector spatial objects in the data using the Spatial Data Transfer Standards (SDTS) terminology.
Spatial data transfer standard (SDTS) terms
Type: G-polygon
Count: 3
Data Quality and Accuracy Information
Attribute Accuracy
Accuracy of the identification of data entities, features and assignment of attribute values.
Attribute accuracy report:
Good - based on input and review by Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks (MFWP) and Bureau of Land Management (BLM) wildlife biologists.
Data Source and Process Information
Process Steps
Information about events, parameters, tolerances and techniques applied to construct or derive the data.
Process step information
Process Step 1
Process description:
Displaying Male Density Determined: 1)	Identifying Highest Density: Two different point density estimation methods (noted below) were used to identify the highest densities of displaying male sage-grouse based upon lek locations. Both techniques  identified the same lek complexes  as having the highest densities at the 25% quartile. 
a. Audubon (K. Doherty) used a 6440m circular neighborhood analysis (Spatial Analyst Tools ArcGIS 9.2) at 1km grid cell size. The maximum male count  available between 2005-2007 was used to evaluate male density. The resulting surface was randomly sampled using 50,000 points to determine the quartile breakpoints.
b. MT Fish, Wildlife and Parks used a Fixed Kernel Density Estimator (Hawths Tools -ArcGIS 9.2) with a bivariate normal kernel and a smoothing factor of 10, 000 at a 500m cell size. The kernel was weighted based upon the average of the highest male count for each year from 1998-2008. The quartile boundaries are provided by the program.
Process date: 20080801
Process Step 2
Process description:
Focus Area: Lek complexes and associated habitats, typically within a 10 km search radius of leks in the complex, defined the outside boundaries of this analysis.  In some instances, habitat associated with a core lek complex may have extended beyond 10 km.  Overlaying documented seasonal habitats connected to and extending beyond these areas and manual editing were necessary to incorporate these exceptions.
Process date: 20080801
Process Step 3
Process description:
Habitat Suitability Analysis: For the purposes of this analysis,  unsuitable habitats and suitable habitats  within or adjacent to core areas were generally defined as follows:

a. Unsuitable Habitat
    ·Cultivated row-crop parcels > 600 acres
    ·Areas where 75% or more of  the surrounding 1000 acres  are cultivated land*
    ·Areas where 20% or more of  the surrounding 1000 acres  are forested habitat*
    ·Areas where 75% or more of  the surrounding 1000 acres exceeded a terrain ruggedness threshold of 13.**  Note: This criteria was not included for intermountain valleys of southwestern Montana because of the unique topographic features and demonstrated habitat use by sage-grouse

* Landcover values were obtained from the National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD). Analyses were based upon a 30m grid cell. Percentages are based on a 2 km X 2 km search window (1,000 acres).
** Terrain ruggedness is the standard deviation of elevation surrounding an area based upon a 30m grid cell. The threshold was chosen based on 95% of leks having a value of 13 or lower.

b. Suitable Habitat
    ·Areas where 75% or more of  the surrounding 1000 acres had a 10% or greater probability of supporting a sage-grouse lek.
      1.The majority of core area boundaries were based upon this delineation.
      2.The probability used is based upon a habitat suitability model that used lek locations to identify suitable habitat. This model was produced by the MT Natural Heritage Program and is documented at ( ).
Process date: 20080901
Process Step 4
Process description:
Field biologists from FWP and BLM reviewed printed maps  showing the habitat parameters described above to  identify outer boundaries of core areas and determined general accuracy of designated non-habitats. Printed maps were at a scale of 1:200,000.
Process date: 20081001
Process Step 5
Process description:
Based upon those biologists expert opinion, refinements were made to the core area boundaries. This allowed for inclusion of nesting and brood rearing areas not captured by the lek driven model.
Process date: 20081001
Process Step 6
Process description:
Telemetry data was utilized  to refine core area boundaries in southwestern Powder River and southeastern Bighorn counties and Beaverhead and Madison Counties to help refine mapping of Core habitats in these areas. Data from Powder River and Bighorn counties was obtained from research done by Dr. Dave Naugle, University of Montana. Data from Beaverhead and Madison counties was obtained from research done by the BLM.
Process date: 20081001
Process Step 7
Process description:
The mapped habitat,  refinements based upon biological expert opinion and integration of existing research data were incorporated to develop Version 1.0
Process date: 20081101
Process Step 8
Process description:
Edits were conducted in the Powder River basin to eliminate areas identified via habitat association, but not currently supporting Sage-grouse. Scott Hemmer - FWP Bio expert review.
Process date: 20090731
Process Step 9
Process description:
Areas in the Roundup area were edited to add / remove area based upon expert knowledge. Jay Newell, FWP Biologist.
Process date: 20090731
Process Step 10
Process description:
Dataset moved.
Process date: 20110329 Process time: 09341600
Data Source used
Process Step 11
Process description:
Dataset copied.
Process date: 20120220 Process time: 11541900
Data Source used
Process Step 12
Process description:
Dataset copied.
Process date: 20120220 Process time: 12175500
Data Source used
ESRI geoprocessing history
Description of ESRI geoprocessing commands, settings, and tolerances applied to the data.
ESRI geoprocessing command information
1 Process
Date: 20110304 Time: 083351
Tool location: C:\Program Files\ArcGIS\ArcToolbox\Toolboxes\Conversion Tools.tbx\FeatureClassToFeatureClass
Command issued: FeatureClassToFeatureClass W:\GIS\DataProd\WILDLIFE\BIRDS\GEODB\SageGrouse.mdb\GreaterSageGrouseCore_2010 W:\GIS\DataProd\WILDLIFE\BIRDS\SHAPES GreaterSageGrouseCoreAreas_2010.shp # "ACRES 'ACRES' true true false 4 Long 0 0 ,First,#,W:\GIS\DataProd\WILDLIFE\BIRDS\GEODB\SageGrouse.mdb\GreaterSageGrouseCore_2010,ACRES,-1,-1;Shape_Leng 'Shape_Length' false true true 8 Double 0 0 ,First,#,W:\GIS\DataProd\WILDLIFE\BIRDS\GEODB\SageGrouse.mdb\GreaterSageGrouseCore_2010,Shape_Length,-1,-1;Shape_Area 'Shape_Area' false true true 8 Double 0 0 ,First,#,W:\GIS\DataProd\WILDLIFE\BIRDS\GEODB\SageGrouse.mdb\GreaterSageGrouseCore_2010,Shape_Area,-1,-1" # W:\GIS\DataProd\WILDLIFE\BIRDS\SHAPES\GreaterSageGrouseCoreAreas_2010.shp
2 Process
Date: 20120112 Time: 153333
Tool location: C:\Program Files\ArcGIS\ArcToolbox\Toolboxes\Analysis Tools.tbx\Clip
Command issued: Clip GreaterSageGrouseCoreAreas_2010 SG_west_sub_w_names Q:\loc\GIS\projects\wildlife\sage_grouse\Greater_Sage_Grouse_Initiative\SG_PPH_PGH_by_State\Montana\GreaterSageGrouseCoreAreas_IDSWMT_Subregion.shp #
Data Distribution Information
Description of the data known by the party from whom the data may be obtained, liability of party distributing data, and technical capabilities required to use the data.
Resource description:
Downloadable Data
Distribution Point of Contact
Contact information for the individual or organization distributing the data.
Organization: Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks
Person: Lydia Bailey
Position: GIS Manager
Phone: 406-444-5365
Address type: mailing and physical address
1420 East 6th Ave
City: Helena
State or Province: MT
Postal code: 59620-0701
Standard Order Process
Common ways in which data may be obtained.
Digital form:
Format name: ESRI Shapefile
Size of the data: 0.009
Transfer size: 0.045
File decompression technique: WinZip
Digital transfer option:
Metadata Reference
Metadata Date
Dates associated with creating, updating and reviewing the metadata.
Last updated: 20100406
Language of metadata: en
Metadata Point of Contact
Contact information for the individual or organization responsible for the metadata information.
Organization: Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks
Person: Adam Messer
Position: GIS Analyst
Phone: 406-444-0095
Hours of service: 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. Mon-Fri
Address type: mailing and physical address
1420 East 6th Ave
City: Helena
State or Province: MT
Postal code: 59620-0701
County: USA
Metadata Standards
Description of the metadata standard used to document the data and reference to any additional extended profiles to the standard used by the metadata producer.
Standard name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Standard version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Time convention: local time
Metadata profiles defining additonal information:
Profile: ESRI Metadata Profile
Profile: ESRI Metadata Profile
Profile: ESRI Metadata Profile
FGDC Plus Metadata Stylesheet
Stylesheet: FGDC Plus Stylesheet
File name: FGDC Plus.xsl
Version: 2.0
Description: This metadata is displayed using the FGDC Plus Stylesheet, which is an XSL template that can be used with ArcGIS software to display metadata. It displays metadata elements defined in the Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM) - aka FGDC Standard, the ESRI Profile of CSDGM, the Biological Data Profile of CSDGM, and the Shoreline Data Profile of CSDGM. CSDGM is the US Federal Metadata standard. The Federal Geographic Data Committee originally adopted the CSDGM in 1994 and revised it in 1998. According to Executive Order 12096 all Federal agencies are ordered to use this standard to document geospatial data created as of January, 1995. The standard is often referred to as the FGDC Metadata Standard and has been implemented beyond the federal level with State and local governments adopting the metadata standard as well. The Biological Data Profile broadens the application of the CSDGM so that it is more easily applied to biological data that are not explicitly geographic (laboratory results, field notes, specimen collections, research reports) but can be associated with a geographic location. Includes taxonomical vocabulary. The Shoreline Data Profile addresses variability in the definition and mapping of shorelines by providing a standardized set of terms and data elements required to support metadata for shoreline and coastal data sets. The FGDC Plus Stylesheet includes the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set. It supports W3C DOM compatible browsers such as IE7, IE6, Netscape 7, and Mozilla Firefox. It is in the public domain and may be freely used, modified, and redistributed. It is provided "AS-IS" without warranty or technical support.
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